Headed to Glacier National Park? Make sure to visit nearby Browning, Montana!
Browning, Montana: Home of the Blackfeet
A few years ago, I got to spend an entire month in Montana, living on a bison ranch just outside of Glacier National Park. It sounds like a modern-day Western in the making – riding horseback with the bison herds on the American plains, with a snow-capped mountain range in the background. But this was not a vacation; I was there on a mission trip to the Blackfeet Indian Reservation. For a month, I got to see a side of Glacier, and Montana, that many tourists don’t. But a visit to Browning, Montana is critical to understanding the history of Glacier National Park and the people who lived here before it was a tourist destination.
Intro to Browning, Montana
Towering stone monoliths with everlasting caps of snow, cerulean lakes so clear you can see 200 ft to the bottom, moose and elk and grizzly bears roaming freely as if they own the place (which, honestly, they do).
A town filled with nothing but run-down mobile homes doesn’t seem to fit into this pristine landscape, but that’s the reality of Browning, Montana. It’s the main reason Browning certainly qualifies as an off-the-beaten-track destination; the town isn’t exactly an Instagram-famous location. When given the options of bustling tourist towns Whitefish and Kalispell, most visitors to Glacier National Park don’t ever venture into Browning. But it’s worth visiting if you ever find yourself in the northwestern corner of Montana. Read on for my justification for this unusual recommendation.
Blackfeet Indian Tribe
Glacier National Park is, unquestionably, one of the most stunning places in the United States. The million-plus visitors that travel through it each summer clearly agree. Because of the huge influx of tourists between June and August, the towns around the park thrive on the business from out-of-towners: Kalispell, Whitefish, West and East Glacier – villages seemingly made for tourists, with restaurants, huckleberry-obsessed bakeries and gift shops, and stately cedar lodges open only when the roads aren’t buried under several feet of snow.
But before the tourists ever knew about Glacier’s beauty, before there were gift shops dedicated to selling huckleberry ice cream and huckleberry candles and huckleberry tea, before you had to book your lodge reservations a full year in advance, the Native Americans had the park mostly to themselves. The Kootenai and Salish tribes controlled much of the land to the south and west of the park, and the Blackfeet ruled the east.
To the Blackfeet, the mountains were (and are still) sacred. By the late 18th century, they were the most powerful of the Plains Indians, following the mighty bison herds on horseback across the flat grasslands. But the mountains were an integral part of their religion. Chief Mountain was the site for vision quests and prayer. Badger-Two Medicine is closely tied to their oral traditions. And there are numerous other sites along the “Backbone of the World,” what they called the mountainous part of northwestern Montana, that are special to the Native Americans.
So when the Blackfoot chief sold the land containing Glacier National Park to the U.S. Government in 1895, it was with the understanding that the tribe would maintain usage rights.
If you know anything about the sordid tale of the U.S. Government’s relationship with the Native Americans, you won’t be surprised by the fact that that’s not exactly how things worked out. The land became Glacier National Park, fully in control of the government. The Blackfeet were relegated to their reservation and prohibited from performing any of their historic religious practices within the park. There have since been treaties signed that have lessened the restrictions and handed some control back over to the tribes, but there are still several contested areas.
While I’m glad that the national park was designated as such, and has been protected from development for future generations, there was collateral damage. Such was often the case in the early days of the National Park Service (the creation of Shenandoah led to the displacement of hundreds of families living on the mountains, for example).
Today, when you visit Glacier National Park, you’ll find very little evidence of the Blackfeet’s connection to it. Much of the tourist areas are just that – areas designed for tourists, with sterilized versions of the park’s history. The visitors’ centers focus on the ecological and geological history of the park, and the first European explorers who visited it. The Native American connection with the park is barely touched.
Because of that, most visitors don’t even think to venture onto the Blackfoot Reservation, except for a short stint on Hwy 89 from East Glacier to St. Mary’s Lake. They don’t realize just how much more there is to learn. So, most don’t ever get to know about the culture or history of the park from the eyes of those who have been there for centuries. Glacier is a beautiful place, but if you’re looking for an authentic experience, or want to learn about Native American culture, you need to do what most don’t and get off the beaten track.
Though just 30 minutes from the town of East Glacier and the eastern end of the famous Going-to-the-Sun Road, Browning is definitely off of the beaten track. Browning, Montana is the largest town on the Blackfoot Reservation. And by “largest,” we’re not talking about a metropolis. It just means that Browning has the tribe’s only community college, 3 entire grocery stores, an actual coffee shop, and a fast food burger place. Most reservation towns don’t have most, or any, of these things.
Like most Indian reservations, the Blackfoot reservation is very poor. I’m not going to candy-coat it at all and pretend that it isn’t depressing. To give you an idea of why the reservation is that way, here are some stats: In 2015, there was an 18.7% unemployment rate among members of the tribe (as compared to 4% nationwide). 32% of households make less than $15,000 a year. Only 15% of members age 25 or older have received at least a Bachelor’s degree. A majority of families have been directly affected by drug abuse and alcoholism.
It can be a shock to go from the clean and tidy towns west of Glacier to Browning. Nearly every home here is a mobile home. And because the winds on this side of the mountains can be so fierce, most homes have cinder blocks on their roofs so that they don’t fly off. There is nothing about the physical town itself that is attractive. The tribe also doesn’t believe in penning in animals, so you’ll see lots of dogs freely roaming the streets, in addition to horses and herds of cattle wandering along the side of the highway.
But Browning is a lesson in the “don’t judge a book by its cover” adage (and the tragedy of government dependency, but that’s a soapbox for another day!). It’s the type of town that automatically makes you want to press down harder on the gas pedal and get through it as fast as possible. But you shouldn’t. Despite the negatives, I found the Native American culture to be delightfully refreshing from the fast-paced, superficial political world that I live in in Washington, DC.
At the time, I wrote an entire blog on the Blackfeet people and their culture, but I don’t have the time now, nor is it entirely appropriate for a “travel blog.” (But if you want to read it, you can go here). What I will tell you is that you won’t regret taking some time to get to know them. They are a people who value other people more than anything, and are tied to the land more than any other culture I’ve met. I never would have experienced that or gained a deeper understanding of Native American history had I not gone to Browning and met the people who live there.
A visit to Glacier National Park will only give you part of the story. A trip to Browning, as unlikely a tourist destination as it may seem, will fill in the gaps.
Things to do in Browning, Montana
Museum of the Plains Indian
- The Museum of the Plains Indian contains exhibits all about the history of the Blackfoot Tribe, as well as other Plains Indians. From traditional clothing, to how they ended up in Montana, their way of life before and after the introduction of the horse, and how they took down massive herds of bison with rudimentary tools.
- The museum itself hasn’t been updated in a couple of decades, but it’s fascinating nonetheless.
- The best part of the museum is the art exhibitions. The museum has a rotation of local Blackfoot artists who come and showcase their work. The reservation doesn’t have much industry, so I’m a big fan of supporting those trying to break out of the cycle of poverty and addiction that affects so many on the reservation.
- Open Tuesday-Saturday during the summer, from 9-4:45 PM. Tickets are only $5 for adults.
Lodgepole Gallery and Tipi Village
- The Lodgepole Gallery is a Native American art gallery containing contemporary and traditional Blackfeet art and beadwork. This is a great place to learn the history behind Native American artwork. The owner is a member of the Blackfoot tribe and is passionate about preserving the culture. He evens speaks much of the original language, which is dying out. Getting to meet him is worth a visit to this small gallery.
- The Gallery is also part of the Four Times Foundation, which supports self-sustaining Native American entrepreneurs.
- There aren’t many places to stay in Browning, but the Tipi Village, run by the same people who own the art gallery, is one. You can camp here in a traditional Blackfoot tipi and enjoy Blackfoot cuisine prepared for you by the owners.
Blackfeet Heritage Center
- The Blackfeet Heritage Center is another art gallery. The majority of the pieces here are contemporary jewelry and crafts. It’s one of the newest and most modern buildings in town, and the artwork inside reflects that.
- Open daily in the summer, 9-6.
North American Indian Days in Browning, Montana
- Every year, during the second week of July, Browning, Montana hosts the North American Indian Days. If you really want to see Blackfeet culture in action, this is the absolute best event to go to. This is one of the largest gatherings of United States and Canadian tribes.
- The festival features traditional powwow dancing, drum circles, Native American food, vendors and artists from a number of Western tribes, and relay-horse races.
- During the dance competitions, I had no idea what was going on (which is probably how people feel whenever I drag them to my Irish dance competitions). But their handmade regalia and traditional dress (not “costumes”) are incredible, and seeing the passion that they have for the culture and traditions makes for an unforgettable experience.
- Everyone is welcome to come and watch the dances. They even have an “inter-tribal” dance which they invite everyone to come and participate in.
- Most Native Americans come and set up camp with their tipis for the whole week (which is a sight to see for those of us unused to seeing tipis in action!)
- There is no entrance fee, but there is a $5 fee if you want to take photos of any of the dancers.
Glacier Peaks Casino
- I am personally morally opposed to casinos. But as this is a complete guide to Browning, Montana, I would be remiss in not mentioning the fact that Browning does have one. It had just opened the summer I was there, and was a topic of controversy (and I’m sure it still is). It’s right at the entrance to town and impossible to miss.
- Hungry? Head to Nation’s Burger, a fast food joint in Browning, Montana with a Native American flair. The owners are reservation residents. While they do offer typical burgers, they specialize in items you won’t find at McDonald’s, such as a variety of bison burgers and “Indian tacos,” made with Indian fry bread instead of tortillas. They also have amazing milkshakes!
Where to Stay
Not in Browning, unless you stay at the Tipi Village. East Glacier has a historic lodge, as well as a number of motels and even a small hostel. St. Mary’s also has some accommodations. Otherwise, you’ll need to find accommodations inside of Glacier National Park or on the west side of the mountains near Kalispell.
How to Get There
By train: Browning, Montana does have an Amtrak station, but it’s only open in the summer.
By plane: The closest airports are Kalispell (FCA) and Great Falls (GTF), both of which are about a 2 hours driving time from Browning.
- From Kalispell and the west: take Hwy 2 west straight to Browning. It’s a beautiful route that follows the southern border of Glacier National Park.
- From Great Falls and south: take Hwy 15 north until just outside of town, then get on Hwy 89 north until it reaches Browning.
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